Capital Governorate

Scenic view of the Al-Fateh mosque. © TheBahrain.Com

Capital Governorate

Capital Governorate
Capital Governorate

The Capital Governorate (Arabic: محافظة العاصمة‎; transliterated: Muhafazat al-'Asimah) is one of the five governorates of Bahrain. The governorate covers Manama, the capital of Bahrain.

Formation

The capital governorate was formed as a result of a royal decree on 3 July 2002. The present governorate incorporates the municipalities of Al Manamah, Ras Rumman and parts of Jidd Haffs.

Demographics

According to a census conducted in 2010, there are 329,510 people living in the Capital Governorate; 261,921 non-Bahraini citizens and 67,589 Bahraini nationals. The vast majority of housing in the Capital Governorate are flats, with around 34,000 flats. Private villas were the second most-common form of housing, accounting for 7,284 of housing in the governorate.

The Qal'at al-Bahrain (in Arabic: قلعة البحرين‎), also known as the Bahrain Fort or Fort of Bahrain and previously as the Portugal Fort (Qal'at al Portugal) is an archaeological site located in Bahrain, on the Arabian Peninsula.

Archaeological excavations carried out since 1954 have unearthed antiquaries from an artificial mound of 12 m (39 ft) height containing seven stratified layers, created by various occupants from 2300 BC up to the 18th century, including Kassites, Portuguese and Persians. It was once the capital of the Dilmun civilization and was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2005.

The Al-Fateh Mosque (also known as Al-Fateh Islamic Center & Al Fateh Grand Mosque) (Arabic: مسجد الفاتح‎; transliterated: Masjid al-Fatih) is one of the largest mosques in the world, encompassing 6,500 square meters and having the capacity to accommodate over 7,000 worshippers at a time.

The mosque is the largest place of worship in Bahrain. It is located next to the King Faisal Highway in Juffair, which is a town located in the capital city of Manama. The huge dome built on top of the Al-Fatih Mosque is constructed entirely of fiberglass. Weighing over 60 t (60,000 kg), the dome is currently the world's largest fiberglass dome. The marble used in the floors is Italian and the chandelier is from Austria. The doors are made of teak wood from India.[3] Throughout the mosque are calligraphy writings in a very old type of style called Kufic. The mosque was built by the late Sheikh Isa ibn Salman Al Khalifa in 1987 and was named after Ahmed Al Fateh, the conqueror of Bahrain. In 2006, Al-Fateh became the site of the National Library of Bahrain.

The Bahrain National Museum (also referred to as National Museum of Bahrain) is the largest and one of the oldest public museums in Bahrain. It is constructed near the King Faisal Highway in Manama and opened in December 1988. The US$30 million museum complex covers 27,800 sq meters and consists of two buildings.

The museum possesses a rich collection of Bahrain's ancient archaeological artifacts acquired since 1988, and covers 6000 years of Bahrain's history. The complex includes three halls devoted to archaeology and the ancient civilisation of the Dilmun, while two other halls depict the culture and lifestyle of Bahrain's recent pre-industrial past.

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