The magnificent Bahrain archipelago is ideal for those who want to spend some time in an absolute pristine and luxury atmosphere. There are 33 Bahrain islands that draw tourists to the endless soft sand and warm sunlight of the Arabian Gulf. Water sport activities especially Bahrain diving in this country is popular and has been regarded a major income source for several decades.
Bahrain diving is a fun and exciting water sport and a major tourist attraction as well. The shallow water is full of various and colorful Bahrain marine life including clown fish, surgeon, trigger fish, turtles, snapper, lion fish, rays and crayfish. If you are lucky enough, you might even encounter a whale shark! The sea in Bahrain is made of soft sands with fascinating rock formations and reefs. The average water visibility is around 5 meters inshore and can rise up to around 30 meters offshore. Moreover, travelers can also enjoy other types of water sports on the islands, including swimming, scuba diving, fishing, snorkeling, boating and lots more.
Apart from reef diving, Bahrain also offers a wide range of wreck dives, such as ships, airplanes, tugboats and barges. Several Bahrain diving sites are located in the shallow sea not far from the coast. Some of the most popular sites are Fifi Wreck, Abu Tahlma, Fasht Najwah, Caisson Wreck and a number of other wreckages surrounding Bahrain.
In Bahrain, diving is done from boats. The sea around Bahrain constitutes sand and rocks and underwater visibility is nearly 5mts. Although there several popular diving sites near Bahrain, a few noteworthy ones are Fifi Wreck (located 5 miles on Bahrain east coast), Caisson Wreck (20 miles off Bahrain coast), Bahrain Pearl (best spot for diving in Bahrain with variety of marine life), Fasht NAjwah (located 50 miles to north of Bahrain), and Abu Thalma (coral dive site located 45 miles from Bahrain)
Fifi Ship Wreck is located approximately 5 miles east of Bahrain. This vessel, owned by Khalifa Khalafan, caught fire and sank in the early 1980s. Currently the wreck site is one of the most popular diving sites in Bahrain. The site is suitable for sport and diving students because the wreck lies in relatively shallow water. The visibility at the wreck site is good and the currents do not hinder the diving. The Fifi Ship Wreck is suitable for the more advanced divers because it lies in quite shallow water and is especially famous for night dives. This is a small tugboat wreck that is home to numerous marine species.
Abu Thalma is 45 miles northeast off the coast of Bahrain. This reef-coated pinnacle provides and excellent Bahrain diving experience as well as an opportunity to admire a variety of marine life in the magnificent Arabian Gulf. Rays, moray eels, crayfish, trigger fish, clown fish, turtles, and sturgeon fish inhabit the reef while mackerel, cobia, tuna and barracuda cruise above.
50 nautical miles north of Bahrain, Najwah is endowed with the most Indo-Pacific fish species typically found in the Red Sea, Maldives and Great Barrier Reef. Fed by a cool upwelling from the surrounding depths, Najwah is an excellent dive location for advanced divers and photographers. During the season, Najwah is an excellent location from which to see whalesharks.
Caisson Wreck lies some 20 miles off the coast. This steel structure has now become home to hundreds of fish species that inhabit the area, including moray eels, crayfish, clownfish, turtles, sturgeon fish and rays, that live above and within its framework.
Most divers travel to Bahrain to try their famous pearl diving. Bahrain claims that diving was invented in its shallow waters, as history shows that pearl diving was occurring in Bahrain as far back as 5000 years. Over 400 sq miles of oyster beds flourish in the warm, shallow waters of Bahrain, offering a very unusual diving experience. The name Bahrain actually derives from two Arabic words ' thnain Bahr ' meaning ' two seas ' this refers to the existence of fresh water springs located under the sea bed. This phenomenon is believed to be responsible for the unusual lustre of Bahraini pearls, the country's main economy before the discovery of oil. Bahraini natural pearls are considered the finest in the world, and incredibly - if you find a pearl whilst diving, its yours to keep; an excellent (and possibly valuable!).
Bahrain beaches are also perfect for water sport activities. As there are 33 islands in this archipelago, each with divine beauty and endless attractions and entertainment, the beaches of Bahrain attract a large number of tourists from all parts of the globe all year round. Some of the recommended areas include Hawar Island, Al Bander and Ritz Carlton. Complete luxury and a wide selection of Bahrain hotels as well as excellent restaurants create the highest pleasure for a memorable Bahrain holiday. Spectacular Bahrain diving sites can be found around these islands and beaches as well.